- The Myrsinaceae are trees or shrubs comprising about
30 genera and 1,000 species. The leaves are simple,
glandular punctate, usually alternate and coriaceous;
stipules are absent. The flowers are actinomorphic
and bisexual or unisexual. The calyx comprises 4-6
separate, or more commonly, basally connate sepals.
The corolla is usually gamopetalous, with 4-6 lobes.
The androecium consists of 4-6 stamens opposite the
corolla lobes and usually adnate to the corolla. The
anthers dehisce by longitudinal slits or commonly
by apical pores or slits. The gynoecium consists of
a single compound pistil of 3-6 carpels, a single
style, and a usually superior ovary with a single
locule containing one to several basal or free central
ovules embedded in an engorged placenta. The fruit
is a drupe.